When bangunan a kalimat in English, a verb is selalu required. The verb “be” is the most important verb to discover in English. ‘’TO BE’’ is digunakan to describe objects, features, locations, etc.

Anda sedang menonton: Simple present tense to be

The verb ‘’ TO be ‘’has three membentuk in the present; am, is and also are;


Subject to BeExamples
I am  ns am fine
You space You are a student
He is he is a child
She is She is an upset girl
It is it is a beautiful flower
We are We room brothers
You space You are from England
They are They are at school

Using the verb ‘to be’ in the simple present tense;

POSITIVE ( AFFIRMATIVE ) membentuk (+) : topic + TO it is in ( am / is / space ) + …

NEGATIVE membentuk (-) : subject + TO it is in ( am / is / are) + no + …

QUESTION form (?) : TO it is in ( am / is / are) + topic + …

NEGATIVE QUESTION membentuk (?) : TO be ( am / is / are) + not + subject + …

SHORT ANSWER formulir : ( + / – ) : correctly / NO + subject + TO be ( am / is / are) or TO it is in ( to be / is / are) + NOT

POSITIVE SENTENCES and also CONTRACTIONS through TO BE


SUBJECTTO BEPOSITIVE (+)POSITIVE CONTRACTIONS
I to be ns am prepared ns ready
You are You room ready. you’re ready.
He is the is ready. he is ready.
She is She is ready. she’s ready.
It is that is ready. the ready.
We space We room ready. We’re ready
You are You room ready. You"re ready.
They are  They room ready. They"re ready.

Note: ” ‘m, ‘s, ‘re ” are quick (contracted) formulir of ‘’am, is, are’’

Examples:

I to be a secretary. / I’m a secretary.She is clever. / She’s clever.We are businessmen. / We’re businessmen.They room in the park. / They’re in the park.It is top top the table. / It’s ~ above the table.

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NEGATIVE SENTENCES and CONTRACTIONS through TO BE


SUBJECTTO BENEGATIVE(+)
I am not ns am not ready
You are not You are not ready.
He is no the is no ready.
She is not She is no ready.
It is no it is not ready.
We are not We space not ready.
You room not You space not ready.
They are not  They are not ready.

NEGATIVE CONTRACTIONS (SUBJECT + TO BE)NEGATIVE CONTRACTIONS ( TO be + no )
I am ( ns ) not ready. i am no ( am no ) ready.
You room ( you ) not ready. You space not (aren’t ) ready.
He is / He’s no ready. He isn’t ready.
She is / She’s no ready. She isn’t ready.
It is / It’s not ready. It no ready.
We are / We’re no ready. You no ready.
You room / You’re no ready. we aren’t ready.
They space / They’re no ready. They no ready.

Notes:

1. To do the hopeful ( affirmative ) sentence negative, put ‘ not’ ~ the verbs.

Examples:

I am not intelligent.She is not a doctor.We are not married.

2. Sentences made by ‘ am/ is /are ‘ as assistant verbs have actually two an adverse contractions;

a. First contraction is made v subject and also the verb.

Examples:

I to be ( i’m ) not a pilot.You space ( you’re ) no children.He is ( He’s) no a fireman.

b. Second contraction is made v the verb and also ‘not’.

Examples:

She is no (isn’t) a beautiful woman.We space not ( no ) at home.They room not (aren’t ) from Canada.

3. As you can see native the chart, we deserve to not make contraction through the verb ‘am’ and also not

Examples:

I am no a teacher.

We can not make a contraction favor this ‘am +not = amn’t’ instead the this, we use an initial contraction made with subject and also verb ‘ ns + am = I’am) namely,

I am not a teacher = I’m no a teacherI am no happy. / I’m not happy.I am no in the garden. / I’m no in the garden.

POSITIVE AND an adverse QUESTIONS v TO BE


POSITIVE pertanyaan (?)NEGATIVE question (?)
Am ns ready? Am I not ready?
Are friend ready? no you ready?
Is that ready? isn’t he ready?
Is she ready? isn’t she ready?
Is that ready? isn’t it ready?
Are us ready? Aren’t us ready?
Are friend ready? no you ready?
Are they ready? aren’t they ready?

Note:

To make pertanyaan sentences from positive or an unfavorable sentences, placed verb or ‘verb + not‘ before the subject. If you want to make an adverse questions, you can use the contractions.

Examples:

Am ns crazy?Is she a doctor?Are you from Spain?Are castle marry?Isn’t the on the desk?Aren’t you friends?

Exception to the rule:

If you desire to build a an unfavorable question penampilan the verb ‘ am ‘, put the verb first, and kemudian subject and ‘not’.

AM + topic PRONOUNS + no + …

Examples:

Am I no sick?Am I no tired?Am I not ready?

POSITIVE AND an unfavorable SHORT ANSWERS with TO BE


POSITIVE short ANSWERNEGATIVE brief ANSWER
Yes, ns am No, i’m not
Yes, you are No, girlfriend aren’t
Yes, the is No, the isn’t
Yes, she is No, she isn’t
Yes, that is No, it isn’t
Yes, we room No, we aren’t
Yes, you are No, girlfriend aren’t
Yes, they are No, castle aren’t

Examples:

Are friend sure? – Yes, i am or No, ns am notIs he late? – yes, that is so late or No, the is no lateAren’t they good at math? Yes, they room or No, castle aren’tAren’t friend sick? Yes, ns am— No, i am notIs that a hijau ? yes, it is — no the isn’tIs she ill? correct she il lor No she isn’t

Notes:

1. Us don’t use contractions in positive short answers 

Examples:

Yes, i am ( we do not use I’m)Yes,you room ( we perform not use you’re)Yes, that is ( we perform not use he’s)

2. Execute not forget to pay fist to usage of some subject pronouns ( kemudian as I, girlfriend ) while answering questions.

Examples:

Am i sick?Yes, you room / No you aren’tAre you in ~ home?Yes, ns am / No, i am not

3. Us can also use a pertanyaan word (Who, What, Why etc.) with to be in existing tense.

Question indigenous (who, what, why, etc.) + TO be ( am/is/are ) + topic + …

Examples:

Why space you late every day?Who is she?Where are they from?
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8 comments
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Kriss in march 6, 2017

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ThoaiDoan march 8, 2017

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Micajel hall March 8, 2017

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Radha in march 12, 2017

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Sonubadhe march 16, 2017

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Waqasabbasi march 22, 2017

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