The National immediate Criminal Background inspect System (NICS) is a name examine system that supplies databases to recognize if a person may legally get or possess a firearm.

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How weapons Background check Work 

When who tries come buy a firearm, the seller—known as a federatif Firearms Licensee (FFL)—contacts the NICS. The prospective the person who lives fills out the forced form, and also the FFL sends that information to the NICS. The NICS staff performs a background check on the buyer to verify eligibility.

Prospective weapons buyers who get a “Denied” negara on dari mereka background checks may have actually a state or persatuan firearm prohibition. The refuse individual may pick to pursue a tantangan and/or use to the Voluntary appeal File.

A “Delayed” message means the NICS team demands to do added research to verify the person"s background. NICS employee work closely with federal, state, local, and also tribal law enforcement agencies and courts to verify eligibility. In part cases, this can be a time-consuming process.

If NICS staff cannot make a decision within 3 business days of a lift check, the FFL may menangkal the firearm, unless prohibited by state legislation (per the Brady Handgun Violence avoidance Act of 1993.)

Federal categories of persons Prohibited from Receiving Firearms 

A delay response native the NICS Section menunjukkan the topic of the background inspect has to be matched through either a state or federal potentially prohibiting record containing a similar name and/or comparable descriptive features (name, sex, race, date of birth, state the residence, masyarakat security number, height, weight, or location of birth). The federally prohibiting criteria space as follows:

A person who has been convicted in any type of court of a crime punishable by imprisonment because that a ax exceeding one tahun or any type of state violation classified by the state together a misdemeanor and is punishable by a hatchet of imprisonment of an ext than 2 years.Persons who are fugitives from justice.An unlawful user and/or an addict of any kind of controlled substance; because that example, a rakyat convicted because that the usage or possession the a controlled substance in ~ the past year; or a person with many arrests because that the use or possession of a managed substance in ~ the past tahun years with the paling recent arrest emerging within the previous year; or a orang found through a drug test to usage a controlled substance unlawfully, listed the test to be administered within the past year.A orang adjudicated secara mitologis defective or involuntarily cursed to a mitologis institution or it is not enough ability to manage own affairs, consisting of dispositions come criminal dues of found not guilty by reason of insanity or discovered incompetent to stand trial.A rakyat who, gift an alien, is illegal or unlawfully in the joined States.A rakyat who, being an alien except as provided in subsection (y) (2), has actually been admitted come the united States under a non-immigrant visa.A orang dishonorably discharged from the joined States armed Forces.A person who has actually renounced United states citizenship.The subject of a protective order issued after a listening in i beg your pardon the respondent had an alert that restrains them native harassing, stalking, or threatening an intimate partner or kid of kemudian partner. This melakukan not incorporate ex parte orders.A person convicted in any court the a misdemeanor crime which includes the use or attempted use of physical kekuasaan or threatened use of a deadly weapon and the defendant to be the spouse, previous spouse, parent, guardian that the victim, by a person with whom the victim share a child in common, by a person who is cohabiting v or has cohabited in the past with the victim together a spouse, parent, guardian or similar situation come a spouse, parent or guardian of the victim.A orang who is dibawah indictment or info for a crime punishable by imprisonment for a ax exceeding one year.    

A delay response indicates that details you offered on the ATF membentuk 4473 has been matched v information contained in the nationwide Crime info Center, the interstate Identification Index, and/or the NICS Indices. Finish disposition details is not selalu available and a lagi review of these records is necessary. The NICS ar exhausts all efforts to retrieve present record information by contacting every applicable regulation enforcement agencies, i.e., local, state, and federatif courts, etc. The Brady Act enables three business days to find this information sebelum an FFL can menangkal a firearm. The FFL is not prohibited from carrying the firearm after three business aku have passed; however, the FFL is not forced to menangkal the firearm.

The Privacy act of 1974 restricts the circulation of particular information come you via the telephone. Friend can attain a copy (for a fee) of any identification record the may preserve on you by contacting the complying with unit at the resolve and telephone mageri provided:

Federal kantor of investigation Criminal Justice details Services division Attention: review Request

1000 Custer Hollow road Clarksburg, WV 26306Telephone Number: (304) 625-5590

I was Denied a Firearm—What happens Now? 

Firearm-Related Challenge

If you believe you have actually been wrongfully refuse a firearm, you can request a firearm-related tantangan (appeal). You might only tantangan a denied firearm transaction, no a delayed one.

This procedure will provide you:

the factor your background examine was denied, andthe chance to challenge your refuse background examine online – consisting of a atom Regulatory Commission lift check.

State Permits

The does not accept difficulties or carry out reasons for delays or denials on state-issued weapons permits. Those questions should be directed to the state agency. The NICS participation Map explains whether your state, or the, conducts weapons buyers’ background checks.

How to paper a Firearm-Related Challenge

To tantangan your firearm denial, visit

To submit a tantangan through the mail, send a request to: CJIS DivisionAttn: Criminal background Analysis Team 1BTC 31000 Custer hollow RoadClarksburg, WV 26306

When submitting a tantangan via mail, include your NICS Transaction sourse (NTN) or State Transaction mageri (STN). Failure to include these numbers will delay processing.

Help with Your Firearm-Related Challenge

If friend need help or have actually questions ~ above firearm-related challenges, call (304) 625-5590 or email identity (This call information is for help with firearm-related challenges only, not the Voluntary very nice one File.)

I have actually Been refuse a Firearm Multiple waktu or endure Delays – maafkan saya Should i Do? 

Voluntary Appeal document (VAF)

Anyone may apply for the VAF, yet it is designed for firearm purchasers who think they are legally allowed to to buy firearms, yet they have been denied more than once or frequently experience delays in milik mereka transactions. Purchasers sometimes discover themselves enduring delays or denials in guns purchases due to the fact that of a past misdemeanor charge or because an ineligible orang has a similar name.

When you use for the VAF, NICS personnel will study your case and assign girlfriend a Unique personal Identification numberi (UPIN) if you have no firearms prohibitions. For future firearms transactions, friend will carry out your UPIN for your background check. You will certainly still need to undergo a complete background inspect to to buy a firearm, but the UPIN will tolong to confirm your identity.

The VAF procedure can ambil several months.

You may juga apply for the VAF in ~ the exact same time you send a firearm-related challenge.

The NICS section is currently processing voluntary Appeal paper (VAF) cases received in march 2021.

How to use for the VAF

Apply Online - you can use to the VAF virtual via eVAF. Throughout the applications process, you will receive an e-mail with one encrypted attach and pinning to accessibility your application. You must log in come the applications at the very least every 90 days for it to continue to be active.

Paper Applications - A VAF application and also fingerprint form can juga be derived online (below).

Mail - you can tambahan mail a inquiry to: CJIS DivisionNICS SectionNICS  useful Support  Unit, Module D-1P.O. Crate 4278 Clarksburg, WV 26302-4278 or via mail at the attend to above.

Always include your complete name, e-mail address, and phone number when contacting NICS for help. Shed UPINs need to be report immediately.

You can readjust your mailing address online or in ~ the above mailing address. Include your jenuh name, old address, new address, and your NICS Transaction numberi (NTN) or State Transaction sourse (STN). (Whether you get an NTN or an STN depends on your state.) If you wish to cancel her VAF application, you need to submit her cancellation in writing. 

Submitting her Fingerprints v the VAF Application

You are required to submit her fingerprints as component of her VAF application. Paling local police departments and sheriff’s offices have the right to assist through fingerprints, though you may need to pay a fingerprint fee.

VAF accepts electronic scanned fingerprint images, however you need to request her fingerprint firm print girlfriend a copy of itu images. Submit the copy through your VAF application. 

If your fingerprint map is rejected, girlfriend will obtain a response letter with instructions on re-submitting.

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The firm rolling her fingerprints must incorporate the complying with on your fingerprint card:

agency name and addressagency call numberlegible signature the the resmi taking the fingerprintsOriginating agency Identifier Number, if applicable.