WHY HASN'T VIETNAM GAINED ASEAN MEMBERSHIP?

The Association of Southeast Asian Nations is a regional organization that brings together disparate neighbors to lớn address economic, security, & political issues, but the group’s impact remains limited.

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A woman sits in front of flags of ASEAN members in Bali, Indonesia. Beawiharta Beawiharta/Reuters
It is an intergovernmental organization of ten Southeast Asian countries: Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, xứ sở của những nụ cười thân thiện, và Vietnam.The bloc’s biggest success has been promoting economic integration aý muốn members. It also helped negotiate the RCEPhường agreement lớn create one of the world’s largest không tính tiền trade blocs.ASEAN has struggled to lớn size a cohesive response lớn China’s claims in the South Trung Quốc Sea, which conflict with those of several members.

Introduction

The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is a regional grouping that promotes economic, political, và security cooperation aý muốn its ten members: Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Xứ sở nụ cười Thái Lan, & Vietnam. ASEAN countries have a total population of 650 million people & a combined gross domestic product (GDP) of $2.8 trillion. The group has played a central role in Asian economic integration, spearheading negotiations among Asia-Pacific nations khổng lồ khung one of the world’s largest không lấy phí trade blocs & signing six free trade agreements with other regional economies.

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Yet experts say ASEAN’s impact is limited by a laông xã of strategic vision, diverging priorities aý muốn thành viên states, và weak leadership. The bloc’s biggest challenge, they say, is developing a unified approach khổng lồ China, particularly in response khổng lồ Beijing’s claims in the South Trung Quốc Sea, which overlap with claims of several ASEAN members.

How ASEAN Works

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ASEAN is headed by a chair—a position that rotates annually aao ước thành viên states—and is assisted by a secretariat based in Jakarta, Indonesia. Important decisions are usually reached through consultation & consensus guided by the principles of noninterference in internal affairs & peaceful resolution of conflicts. Some experts see this approach to decision-making as a chief drawbaông xã for the organization. “These norms of consensus & noninterference have increasingly become outdated, và they have hindered ASEAN’s influence on issues ranging from dealing with China và crises in particular ASEAN states,” says reactora.net’s Joshua Kurlantziông chồng.

Other experts say ASEAN has contributed to regional stability by developing much-needed norms và fostering a neutral environment to address shared challenges. “In Asia, talking và relationship building is half the challenge khổng lồ solving problems,” Murray Hiebert, a senior associate of the Southeast Asia Program at the Washington-based Center for Strategic & International Studies (CSIS), told reactora.net.